Turkish TV-Stations in Germany
Today, more than 250 TV stations exist in Turkey. Like other worldwide media systems, the Turkish media are also affected by processes of intensive transnationalisation. At present, the 2,5 million of Turkish migrants in Germany are able to receive more than 70 Turkish television channels via satellite. One of the reasons why Turkish migrants resort to watching and reading Turkish media is attributed to the fact that public German broadcasting companies do not fulfil the information and entertainment needs of the Turkish population. Another reason for the use of Turkish media is the generally negative representation of migrants and the lack of journalists of Turkish origin in German media. Research objective and research questions In my research project I will analyse the content of five television stations which are frequently consumed and which produce special programmes for the Turkish population in Germany. These five TV stations are two German-Turkish TV channels (TD1 and TGRT EU), the conservative Islamic television Kanal7, a national TV station TRT Int and the most popular entertainment channel Kanal D. I will limit the research project to three program types: 1. news/political magazines 2. Series 3. Programmes for German Turks. I have chosen these three programme types because they play a crucial role regarding the transfer of values and because they are frequently watched by this target group. The focus of the work is on the different political profiles and on the different values which are transmitted in these programmes. In my research project I will investigate the following questions: 1/ What are the consequences of the transformation of worldwide media systems on the development of Turkish TV stations since the mid-eighties? 2/ What kind of values are disseminated by these five TV stations? Research method The research method comprises firstly, a biographical and statistical analysis of the TV consumption in Turkey and in Germany. But the focus of my project is on an analysis of content. In this context, programme politics, the interposition of moral and traditional values, the official German-Turkish relations, the relation between the European Union and Turkey, and the image of German-Turks will be analysed. This is combined with 15–20 semi-structured expert interviews. Among the interviewed partners, there are TV executives in Turkey and in Germany, ethno-marketing institutes such as Arbo Media, the media regulators in Germany and in Turkey as well as media researchers.