- University of Helsinki
- Media and Global Communication
|Work history||●September 2013- present, member of the editorial board of de-rang.net (cultural and
●May 2014- August 2014, Journalist at SAMT newspaper.
● October 2013- May 2014, Journalist at Arman newspaper.
● April_ June 2013, Research Assistant. Child foundation Project, Iran.
●January 2013-April 2013, Journalist and photographer at Helsinki Times newspaper.
●2010- 2011, teacher at KIANA NGO (non-governmental organization for labor children).
● 2010-2011, Journalist and photographer, Gozaresh magazine, Tehran, Iran.
● 2007-2008, Journalist and reporter, Iranian Students News Agency (ISNA),Tehran,
● 2007-2010, Proprietor, manager and columnist of a student newspaper (PEGAH),Tehran University, Iran.
|Study history||● Present: PhD student. Media and Global Communication, University of Helsinki, Finland.
● 2011-2013: Master. Media and Global Communication, University of Helsinki, Finland.
● 2006-2010 Bachelor. Social communications sciences, University of Tehran, Iran.
Censorship resistance: Iranian professional journalists' use of social media as an alternative channel
Iran is a not-free country, media are controlled by the government, and journalists face restrictions and censorship. Also, Iran has a not free status in freedom of net. In these circumstances, some Iranian professional dissident journalists use social media as an alternative means to bypass the limitations they face in their daily job in established media, and distribute what is censored and underrepresented in the mainstream media. On the other hand, online activities of journalists are kept under surveillance that poses severe online and offline security risks on them; this may also provide a reason for some journalists to avoid using social media or participate with anonymous identities.